Homeland’s recorded history dates from the latter part of the 1600s. By 1875, it was a grand country estate complete with a manor house, a caretaker’s house, an abundance of outbuildings (stables, barns, a buttery, and a nursery) as well as cultivated fields, orchards, woods, grazing areas and all that make up a well-maintained and self-supporting plantation. In June 1924, the estate sold for $1 million to the Roland Park-Homeland Company for development into a residential community. The noted Olmstead architecture landscape firm designed the streets to follow the natural contours of the land. The homes built largely reflect Georgian Style motifs. Today Homeland is a very desirable neighborhood — convienent to downtown but possessing a strong suburban feeling.
Things to See in Homeland
- Cathedral of Mary Our Queen (5200 N. Charles Street) — The Cathedral of Mary Our Queen is the liturgical headquarters of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, the oldest diocese in the United States. Though modern in design, the cathedral, in form and materials, upholds the tradition of the great European cathedrals. The modern expression of both the Cathedral and the adjacent rectory has an almost Art Deco-like feel to its decorative elements. Tom O’Neill, the owner of O’Neill’s Department Store, donated the money for the construction of the cathedral. O’Neill made a promise to God that if his store was spared from the Great Fire of 1904, he would leave money for a new cathedral; the fire just missed his department store and O’Neill kept true to his word.
- Church of the Redeemer (5603 N. Charles) — This modern church was designed by Pietro Belluschi and RTKL Associates, Inc. and completed in 1958. The church has an almost Scandinavian quality to its architecture. It is large inside and outside without being grandiose in scale. Its architecture celebrates the warmth of wood and light.